Yokohama Chinatown: A Gem of Chinese Culture in Japan

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In Yokohama, to the south of Tokyo, lies the largest Chinatown in Japan, established nearly 150 years ago; full of shops, restaurants, and businesses bustling with activity. Visiting Yokohama Chinatown as a tourist can be a very fun experience. Let’s have a look at why…

History

Yokohama is the closest way to access Tokyo by sea from the Pacific Ocean, meaning that when it was opened as a trading port in 1859, it attracted much trade and many Chinese traders. People from China flocked to start a new life in Japan, many settling right where they landed: Yokohama. 

Gradually, what began as a few traders staying in the Port of Yokohama soon started to grow and attract more Chinese immigrants from across the Pacific Ocean. They formed a vibrant community of shops and businesses which came to be known as Chinatown, or chuukagai (中華街) in Japanese. 

Today, Yokohama Chinatown is the largest Chinatown in Japan, featuring more shops than houses. 

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Things to See

There is an amazing temple called the Kuan Ti Miao in the middle of Chinatown, which was built in 1871, using donations from local people and the overseas Chinese community. The temple has a tumultuous history, and as a result has seen many iterations, with it being in its current state since 1990. 

The area of Chinatown is surrounded by four North, East, South, and West gates, which were built by Chinese residents and still stand to this day. The gates themselves – there are 10 in total – are a great photo opportunity, built for Instagram; but over 600 traditional Chinese shops and Chinese restaurants are the real attraction. 

Two people standing and taking pictures of Kuan Ti Miao, a temple in Yokohama Chinatown.
The temple may not be big, but it has absolutely breathtaking architecture. Image via Shutterstock

Chinese Cuisine

When entering Chinatown through some of its famous gates, visitors are greeted with a cacophony of noise and colors, with red and gold in abundance. There are shops selling Chinese herbal remedies and traditional Chinese medicines, street food vendors, and too many restaurants to choose from!

One especially popular Chinese food on offer are the Chinese steamed buns. Available in sweet or savory, there is a flavor to suit every palate.

From pork steamed buns to red bean steamed sweet buns, look out for the buns from street food vendors lining the streets. Some funky shapes and kawaii (cute) buns are popular, too. Some examples include the cute hedgehog buns shaped like tiny baby hedgehogs, smaller than the big meaty buns and just right for the palm of your hand. 

For events and cultural days, there may be special buns on offer. Around Christmastime it is common to spot tiny snowman shaped steamed buns or even tiny little Santa buns.

Many steamed buns being cooked at a shop in Yokohama Chinatown while the maker moves the buns around.
Steamed buns are a must-try food for any visit to Yokohama Chinatown, whether it’s street vendors or a restaurant. Image via Shutterstock

Soak up the Chinatown spirit by heading inside a restaurant and eating like a local. Popular dishes include mapo-tofu – a firm favorite across Japan that features chopped tofu in a deep red spicy sauce; gyoza (dumplings also known as potstickers)- these come in three main ways: boiled, pan fried or steamed; and ramen (wheat noodles)- a dish invented in China but made popular by Japan and Japanese cup ramen

Much like Kyushu ramen, although many of the dishes have been adapted to Japanese tastes, they still maintain an authentic air.

Street food vendors are to be found on every corner serving plenty of varied dishes and must-try foods. From steamed buns to egg tarts and dumplings, head over in winter to get something hot to cup your hands around while you wander round savoring the sights, sounds and smells of chuukagai.

Special Events 

Many people take pictures and record a lion used in lion dancing at the Yokohama Chinatown Chinese New Year Celebration.
Many people flock to Yokohama just to see the lion dancing during Chinese New Year. Image via Shutterstock

Yokohama Chinatown is a bustling community and an unabashed tourist attraction for both foreign and Japanese tourists. Combine these together, and when it’s time to party, you bet they throw a good one. 

The biggest event has to be the annual Chinese New Year celebrations, which take place in February each year. It’s a great party and parade which sees people flocking from across Japan to attend. Expect to spot the infamous Chinese lion dancing through the streets accompanied by musical performances, more street food, and a lot of dancing. 

During Chinese New Year, performers take on the costume of an elaborate Chinese dragon and head to a specially-built stage in Yamashita Park along with a traditional Chinese band. Catch the performance if you can, while eating some delicious street food from a nearby vendor and revelling in the spirit of Chinese New Year.

Other events include Western New Year countdowns, illuminations, and small festivals, so be sure to check the site before you go.

How to Get There

Two women walk down the street of the Yokohama Chinatown while eating some food from a street vendor with many people in the background.
Any trip to Yokohama (or the Tokyo area) wouldn’t be complete without a trip to this Chinatown for a meal. Image via Shutterstock

Yokohama Chinatown is very accessible, and not just by boat! 

The area is accessible from Yokohama Station via Ishikawacho Station (Negishi Line) or the Motomachi-Chukagai Station (Minato Mirai Line). For those who prefer bus travel, the ‘Akai-Kutsu’ bus, which is designed for sightseeing, also stops at chuukagai.

If you’re walking round the city, you will know when you’ve come to Chinatown by all the colors, the intricately-designed gates, and the exciting noises of street vendors peddling their wares. Chinatown is actually just a hop and a skip from other Yokohama sightseeing spots, like the Cup Noodle Museum and the Yokohama Ramen Museum.

If you make it there after (or before!) reading our article, do drop us a comment below to let us know what you enjoyed about Yokahama Chinatown and if you have any recommendations. 

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