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Food & Drink


Donburi: The Amazing Rice Bowl Cuisine To Try!

Karina Ikedo

Karina Ikedo


A donburi bowl rice beef and eggs on top.

Everyone in Japan loves donburi (rice bowl dish). Donburi rice bowls are the quintessential Japanese comfort meal. In a donburi, cooked rice is topped with meat, seafood, eggs, and vegetables. However, all sorts of toppings can be used, allowing for countless variations. 

As a casual meal, donburi is generally inexpensive, although this will vary depending on the toppings you choose. It’s also available at various restaurants, with many putting their unique spin on the dish. Keep reading, and we’ll introduce you to donburi, a must-try dish if you are visiting Japan!

What is donburi?

Generally, donburi are dishes with various toppings on bowls of rice. Moreover, the toppings in a donburi bowl can include anything from meat and seafood to eggs and vegetables. The variety of sauces used is also diverse. But no matter which variety you choose, the combination of flavorful toppings over rice is a match made in heaven!

A shrimp tempura donburi.
“Donburi” is shorthand for rice bowl cuisine! Image via Shutterstock

Specifically in Japan, this dish has various names, including donmono and donburimono. All in all it’s a complete, filling, and delicious dish in one bowl, distinguishing it from many other traditional Japanese foods where the rice is on the side.

Who invented donburi?

Donburi has a long and rich history as an essential part of Japanese cuisine. It can be traced back to a dish called houhan (cooked buckwheat and rice) from the Muromachi period (1336-1573). Generally prepared in temples, this consisted of a bowl of rice topped with stewed vegetables and dashi (Japanese soup stock).

A karaage (fried chicken) donburi meal.
Karaage is fried chicken! Image via Shutterstock

But it wasn’t until the Edo period that the modern style of donburi bowl took off. The first donburi was broiled eel on rice, available at concession stands for theatergoers. As a result, the dish spread from the theater to street stalls and donburi restaurants, and the varieties quickly expanded. This led to the wealth of donburi bowl options we know and love today!

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How do you make it?

Making your own donburi at home can be a fun and rewarding culinary adventure. Undoubtedly, the beauty of donburi is its versatility – you can get as creative as you want with the ingredients. First, start with a base of steamed and fluffy white rice. Then, top it with your choice of proteins, like grilled chicken, teriyaki beef, or tempura shrimp. Next, pile on the veggies, from sautéed mushrooms to pickled radishes. Finally, don’t forget to drizzle your favorite sauce, soy, teriyaki, or spicy mayonnaise. 

What are the most common dishes?

Because donburi is so versatile, you can make the dish with various ingredients. As a result, you can try an impressively wide range of varieties. Here are some of the most popular donburi dishes that are a must-try!


Gyudon (beef bowl) is one of Japan’s most popular dishes. Usually, it uses thinly sliced beef simmered with onions or spring onion and placed over rice. Moreover, the classic seasoning is a sweet and salty sauce made with Japanese soy sauce, sugar, and other ingredients. Sometimes, it comes with shirataki (fine konjac yam noodles)

A bowl of gyudon (thinly sliced beef with onions and pickled ginger on top of rice).
Gyudon is a Japanese classic! Image via Shutterstock


Butadon is similar to gyūdon but made with pork instead of beef. Originated in Hokkaido, Japan, butadon is a rice bowl featuring grilled pork slices with caramelized soy sauce. As a result, the sweet and savory flavor combines perfectly together.

A bowl of butadon (grilled slices of pork on top of rice.)
This rice bowl dish originally came from Hokkaido. Image via Shutterstock


Oyakodon is an exceptionally flavorful and nutritious dish. Steamed chicken and eggs are simmered in a mix of dashi (Japanese soup stock) and soy sauce. They are then served on freshly cooked rice and garnished with green onions or fresh herbs. It’s hearty yet nutritious, making it a favorite meal to start the week.

A bowl of oyakodon (simmered chicken and egg rice bowl).
The chicken is the “oya” (parent) and the egg is the “ko” (child). Image via Shutterstock


Katsudon is a donburi bowl with crispy tonkatsu (deep-fried breaded pork cutlet). It is simmered in a unique dashi and soy sauce broth, along with onions and a scrambled egg. Moreover, the broth consists of sweet dashi and soy sauce. Additionally, the crispy texture of tonkatsu is excellent, along with the creaminess of the half-cooked egg! It generally comes with Japanese wild parsley or shredded nori on top.


The original version of the dish, unadon, is an excellent way to try unagi, Japan’s famous freshwater eel. It is coated in a thick, sweet soy-based sauce similar to teriyaki and grilled over a charcoal fire. The delicious combination of warm rice and sweet caramelized sauce over the perfectly grilled unagi is irresistible. 

A bowl of unadon (grilled eel rice bowl).
Have you ever had donburi before? Image via Shutterstock

Why should I try donburi?

You should try donburi because it’s a delightful and comforting Japanese meal you’ll love! From grains and protein to veggies and sauce, the wholesome components of donburi make it a delicious and fulfilling dish. In just one bowl, you can taste a region’s history and characteristics, the chef’s passion, and more! Have you tried donburi before? Do you have a favorite type? Let us know in the comments below!

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