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big fireworks, fireworks, hanabi, japan fireworks

Big Fireworks: Why Does Japan Love Them So Much?

James Lau

James Lau


A bunch of big fireworks at a shrine in Asakusa.

Fireworks, or “hanabi” in Japanese, have captivated the hearts of the Japanese people for centuries. From their rich cultural heritage to their aesthetic beauty, fireworks are unique in the country’s traditions and celebrations. Let’s explore why they’re integral to Japanese culture. We’ll delve into their historical significance, captivating visual allure, association with seasonal celebrations, and role as entertainment.

A Historical Tapestry of Tradition and Culture

Fireworks have a long history in Japan, dating back to the Muromachi period in the 15th century. The first documented fireworks in Japan date back to 1447 when Kanetomo Banrikoji, a nobleman, witnessed a show at Jokai Temple. These early fireworks used bamboo frames. As a result, they were well received and believed to have come to Japan from China through trade.

In the following centuries, more fireworks were shown and used by foreign traders and missionaries. Portuguese missionaries reportedly used them in Oita Prefecture in 1582 as part of a grand public event to attract converts to Christianity. Their use became more widespread during the Sengoku period, accompanied by fireworks production in Japan.

Large red shakudama fireworks in Japan.
Shakudama fireworks can weigh up to 420 kg (925 lb). Image via Shutterstock

During the Edo period, specialized fireworks shops emerged, particularly in the Mikawa region. The Tokugawa shogunate officially authorized these shops to produce and store gunpowder. The area around Okazaki in Aichi Prefecture became a center for the development of fireworks as well, but the Mikawa region gained a reputation for its craftsmanship. 

Moreover, this era saw the emergence of firework specialists like the Keya and Tamaya families, who played a significant role in shaping the tradition, including one of Tokyo’s most famous festivals, the Sumida River Fireworks Festival.

Why do people like fireworks so much?

Talented artisans in Japan dedicated themselves to perfecting the art of creating fireworks. They spent countless hours improving their techniques and designs, resulting in magnificent displays showcasing their creativity and skill. 

A bunch of white starmine fireworks in Nagoya.
Starmines allow for all kinds of interesting shapes! Image via Shutterstock

Fireworks became a way for artistic expression, allowing the pyrotechnicians to create breathtaking scenes in the night sky. Through careful planning and coordination, each explosion became a captivating spectacle that touched the hearts of all who witnessed it.

Moreover, their popularity in Japan proves their ability to unite people and create joyous moments. Even during difficult times, the tradition of fireworks continued, offering a temporary escape from life’s challenges. As a result, the vibrant explosions lighting up the sky became symbols of hope and resilience. As a result, they remind people of their breathtaking history.

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Why are fireworks so pretty?

They’re famous because of their jaw-dropping visual appeal, leaving people spellbound. When the show begins, the night sky transforms. It becomes a significantly vibrant masterpiece of intricate designs and mind-blowing patterns. The pyrotechnicians behind these magical displays are true artists, dedicating endless hours to perfecting their craft.

A woman sitting at her window observing a large, red firework.
Many people even enjoy fireworks indoors. Image via Shutterstock

Watching these displays feel like watching a moving work of art because skilled artisans carefully select the materials and chemicals needed to create the desired effects. The sky comes alive with a symphony of colors, ranging from bold reds and blues to radiant yellows and greens. They explode in a perfectly timed sequence to create a beautiful visual symphony. 

But it doesn’t stop there! The designs of Japanese fireworks are simply extraordinary. Pyrotechnicians utilize their creativity and expertise to shape the bursts into captivating patterns that resemble blooming flowers. With each explosion, a fleeting moment of pure beauty emerges. It captivates the audience, eager for the next burst of artistic brilliance on a hot summer night.

What are some significant festivals in Japan?

One famous event is the Sumida River Fireworks Festival in Tokyo, where over 20,000 fireworks light up the sky above the iconic Sumida River, creating a mesmerizing display of beauty. It happens every year on the last Saturday of July and attracts millions of spectators. 

The festival has a long history dating back to the Edo period when the Keya and Tamaya families, two prominent fireworks families, competed against each other to create the most impressive displays. Today, the festival showcases breathtaking shows from various renowned companies created by pyrotechnicians.

Big colorful explosive display in Japan
Many Japanese fireworks get very elaborate. Image via Shutterstock

The Omagari Fireworks Competition in Akita Prefecture is a notable event that showcases the skills and artistry of pyrotechnicians from all over Japan. The competition began in 1910 and encouraged friendly rivalry and improvement among artisans. 

One of the festival’s highlights is using “star mines” or “shells,” which explode in the sky to create stunning patterns and formations. The event has become a symbol of Japan’s rich summer culture and attracts participants and spectators nationwide.

At Huis Ten Bosch, a Dutch-style theme park in Japan, the Fireworks × Laser × Music event provides visitors a unique and exciting experience. The show also has laser lights and music to create a mesmerizing performance. 

Big fireworks show in Adachi, North Tokyo.
The Adachi Firework Festival happens every July. Image via Shutterstock

Fireworks have become an integral part of Japanese culture, infusing festivities with a touch of magic and spectacle. They symbolize unity, resilience, and the enduring spirit of the Japanese people. The love for them runs deep in the hearts of the Japanese as they continue to cherish and appreciate the historical, visual, and celebratory aspects of this cherished tradition. Have you ever been to a fireworks festival in Japan before? Let us know in the comments below!

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